Studi culturali ed estetica EN 3
Blind peer review
La rivista attualmente è presente nell'elenco delle riviste di classe A per l'area 11 dell'Agenzia Nazionale di Valutazione del Sistema Universitario e della Ricerca (ANVUR) ai fini dell'Abilitazione Scientifica Nazionale
(1941-2018), filosofo e saggista. Ordinario di Estetica all'Università degli studi di Roma "Tor Vergata".
National University Of Singapore
The purpose of the following essay is to explore the distinction between the concepts of “authoritative” and “authoritarian” in the thought of Confucius. While Confucius was living in an authoritarian age (where the authority was based on coercion or threats) he embodied the paradigm of the authoritative (persuasion based on knowledge and reason) that may be considered a useful critique to the authoritarianism generally speaking. This means that the use of coercition is a failure of the authoritative model, and this is also the reason why Confucius himself focused many of his teachings upon the distinction between unquestioning obedience, typical of a hierarchical society, and voluntary compliance, where instead moral excellence is followed.
Keywords: Confucius, authoritative, authoritarian, coercion, reason.
Alma mater studiorum Università di Bologna
Moving within the field of the history of political thought, this essay aims to develop three theses. First, authority is the external and legitimating origin of power. From this point of view, authority refers to the image of the father entailing plurality and unity, rather than repression. Second, the relationship between authority and power changes during the modern age: authority is legitimate power, since the latter is legal, rational, based on the autonomy of the individual and of the State. This antiauthoritarian ideal of transparency and rational relationality concerns also nature, history, science and economics. Third, at the end of the 19th century this modern conception of authority faces obstacles that philosophy and human sciences are not able to overcome: the objectivity (naturality) of authority is the opaque moment whence originate both politics and subjective experience. Authority is a contradiction, which rips rational politics through violence and transcends subjectivity through self-legitimating systemic logics. This contradiction displays its effects also also in the neo-liberal global age, though in new ways.
Keywords: Authority, Power, Democracy, Neo-liberalism, Violence.
The essay follows a few moments in the history of the concept of author from classical antiquity to the middle Ages. Special emphasis is given to the position of Dante Alighieri, for his ambition of totality and absolute expressive intention, in which we can recognize the origin of the modern image of the author. This is followed by some reflections on the current situation, in which the theories of the author’s death have led to a proliferation of writers associated with pre-established target of the world of communication. Finally, the diffusion of auto-fiction is considered a sign of a malaise, which raises the need for a return of the author, of a literature devoted to the search for the “essential”.
Keywords: author, subject, Homer, Dante, autofiction.
Università Roma Tre
Lucilla Albano, già professore ordinario (L-ART/06) presso il Dipartimento di Filosofia, Comunicazione e Spettacolo dell’Università Roma Tre, ha insegnato alla Laurea magistrale di Cinema, televisione e produzione multimediale nei corsi di Interpretazione e analisi del film e di Cinema e psicoanalisi. Tra i libri pubblicati: La caverna dei giganti (Pratiche 1992), Il secolo della regia (Marsilio, 1999), Lo schermo dei sogni (Marsilio 2004), Ingmar Bergman. Fanny e Alexander (Lindau 2009), Il divano di Freud. Mahler, l’Uomo dei lupi, Hilda Doolittle e altri. I pazienti raccontano il fondatore della psicoanalisi (il Saggiatore 2014). Tra i suoi ultimi saggi: Il corpo Unheimlich di Almodovar, in L’inconscio, n.3 (2017), Godimento e passione amorosa in The French Lieutenant’s Woman, in Il Piacere del Male, Vol.II, I libri dell’Associazione Sigismondo Malatesta, (Pacini 2017), «I freudiani sono dei semplicioni»: D.H. Lawrence e la psicoanalisi, in L’inconscio, n. 6 (2018).
In the debate about the statute and notion of the author, models that refer to the writer or artist are always taken into consideration. These models of authors and their texts or works are related in an immediate and irrefutable way. For the filmmaker this does not happen nor has it ever. In fact, as Eric Rohmer said, in film it has always about known, who the auteur of the film was and if there was an auteur. This essay revisits – at the historical and critical level – the controversial reasons and obstacles that in the history of film directing and of the figure of film director, there is opposition to considering the director the author of the film: a modern figure of the author that has transformed and overturned the aesthetic criteria through which the “auteur question” was debated before the birth of filmmaking.
Keywords: Author, film director, filmmaker, politique des auteurs, author theory.
There are many authors and authorities in Dante’s works from Guinizzelli to Aristotle, from Virgil to Beatrice and the “donna gentile”. There is also the figure of the author who travels to Hell, Purgatory and Paradise who then becomes the author at the end of the poem. Dante’s works also raise the issue of who is the authority of the Commedia and what are the implications of this authority for a reading of the poem. I discuss all these issues in my paper and try to give answer who or what is the real authority in Dante.
Keywords: author, authority, Dante, Divine Comedy.
Authenticity, like alienation, is often thought to be an outdated concept. Nevertheless, the arguments put forward by Guy Debord, especially in The Society of the Spectacle (1967), repeatedly, through their Marxist-Hegelian heritage, make use of these ideas. Debord distinguishes in particular between inauthentic time, that of repetition, and authentic time, that of historical action, packed with unique and unrepeatable moments. The aim of revolution would therefore be to allow everyone to take part in historical time. There is a striking similarity here with the theories of Hannah Arendt, in particular her ideas about the ancient world.
Keywords: Guy Debord, Hannah Arendt, historical time, authenticity, revolution.
It has become popular to claim that there is no separation of religion and politics in Islam. This claim has led some researchers such as N. H. Abu Zayd and M. Arkoun to assume that Islam confuses authority with power. Looking at the Muslim history we would like to analyze why issues of authority have immediately arisen amongst the Umma, what the basis of the controversy is, why these issues of authority continue to hold significance in the contemporary Muslim world. According to these, the Qur’an and Sunna should become the authority for judgments and analyses, leading ultimately to the domination of all areas of life by men of religion.
Keywords: Authority, power, caliphate, Abu Zayd, Arkoun.
In this essay are investigated modifications that Authority Principle in the social and family sphere experienced in modern era, in particular since the Sixties of last century, with special attention to the role of teenagers.
Keywords: Authority, Adolescence, Bodei, Tocqueville, Rowntree.