Autorizzazione del Tribunale di Varese n. 1 del 2016
Linguistica e Comunicazione
Double blind peer review
1. GENERAL DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF EDITORS
1.1. Editors should be accountable for what is published in their journal. This means they should:
1.1.1 strive to meet the needs of readers and authors;
1.1.2 strive to constantly improve their journal;
1.1.3 have processes in place to assure the quality of the material they publish;
1.1.4 promote freedom of expression;
1.1.5 preclude business needs from compromising intellectual and ethical standards;
1.1.6 always be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed.
2. RELATIONS WITH READERS
2.1. Readers should be informed about the affiliated institution and who has funded research.
3.1. Editors’ decisions to accept or reject a paper for publication should be based on the paper’s scientific relevance, originality and clarity, and the study’s validity and its relevance to the scopes of the journal.
3.2. Editors should not reverse decisions to accept submissions unless serious problems are identified with the submission.
3.3. New editors should not overturn decisions to publish submissions made by the previous editor unless serious problems are identified.
3.4. A description of peer review processes should be sent, and editors should be ready to justify any important deviation from the described processes.
3.5. Editors should publish guidance to authors on everything that is expected of them. This guidance should be regularly updated.
4. RELATIONS WITH REFEREES
4.1. Editors should provide guidance to reviewers on everything that is expected of them including the need to handle submitted documents in confidence.
4.2. Editors should require reviewers to disclose any potential competing interests before agreeing to review a submission.
4.3. Editors should have systems to ensure that peer reviewers’ identities are protected unless they use an open review system that is declared to authors and referees.
5. RELATIONS WITH EDITORIAL BOARD MEMBERS
5.1. Editors should provide new editorial board members with guidelines on everything that is expected of them and should keep existing members updated on new policies and developments.
6. RELATIONS WITH JOURNAL OWNERS AND PUBLISHERS
6.1. The relationship of editors to publishers and owners is often complex but should be based firmly on the principle of editorial independence.
6.2. Editors should make decisions on which articles to publish based on quality and suitability for the journal and without interference from the journal publisher.
7. EDITORIAL AND PEER REVIEW PROCESSES
7.1. Editors should strive to ensure that peer review at their journal is fair, unbiased and timely.
7.2. Editors should have systems to ensure that material submitted to their journal remains confidential while under review.
8. QUALITY ASSURANCE
8.1. Editors should take all reasonable steps to ensure the quality of the material they publish, recognizing that journals and sections within journals will have different aims and standards.
9. PROTECTING INDIVIDUAL DATA
9.1. Editors must obey laws on confidentiality in their own jurisdiction. Regardless of local statutes, however, they should always protect the confidentiality of individual information obtained in the course of research or professional interactions. It is therefore almost always necessary to obtain written informed consent for publication from people who might recognise themselves or be identified by others (e.g. from case reports or photographs). It may be possible to publish individual information without explicit consent if public interest considerations outweigh possible harms, it is impossible to obtain consent and a reasonable individual would be unlikely to object to publication.
10. DEALING WITH POSSIBLE MISCONDUCT
10.1. Editors have a duty to act if they suspect misconduct or if an allegation of misconduct is brought to them. This duty extends to both published and unpublished papers.
10.2. Editors should not simply reject papers that raise concerns about possible misconduct. They are ethically obliged to pursue alleged cases.
10.3. Editors should make all reasonable efforts to ensure that a proper investigation into alleged misconduct is conducted; if this does not happen, editors should make all reasonable attempts to persist in obtaining a resolution to the problem.
11. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND DEBATE ENCOURAGEMENT
11.1. Editors should be alert to intellectual property issues and work with their publisher to handle potential breaches of intellectual property laws and conventions.
11.2. Editors should encourage and be willing to consider cogent criticisms of work published in their journal.
11.3. Authors of criticised material should be given the opportunity to respond.
11.4. Studies reporting negative results should not be excluded.
12. COMMERCIAL POLICY
12.1. Journals should have policies and systems in place to ensure that commercial considerations do not affect editorial decisions (e.g. advertising departments should operate independently from editorial departments).
12.2. Editors should have declared policies on advertising in relation to the content of the journal and on processes for publishing sponsored supplements.
13. CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
13.1. Editors should have systems for managing their own conflicts of interest as well as those of their staff, authors, reviewers and editorial board members.
13.2. Journals should have a declared process for handling submissions from the editors, employees or members of the editorial board to ensure unbiased review.
Università degli Studi dell’Insubria
Università degli Studi dell’Insubria
The article puts forward a reflection on possible contact points between the series of the first ten Hurrian numerals and other linguistic traditions of the ancient Mediterranean. In addition to an exemplary framing of interlinguistic nature, a new model of internal etymological analysis for Hurrian numerals is presented.
Keywords: Hurrian, numerals, Etruscan, Hurrian lexicon, Etruscan lexicon.
Pontificia Università Salesiana di Roma
In this article the names of Greek ether are studied in different literary genres and we consider the semantic valences, the typology and relations with society.
Keywords: Greek literature, Greek linguistics, Greek onomastics, semantics, lexicography.
Università degli Studi dell’Insubria
This essay illustrates the results of an experimental research on the application of the Total Physical Response (TPR) method, aimed at the acquisition and improvement of the pronunciation of some phonemes in Italian, which are particularly critical to learners of Italian as a second language (L2). The research is characterized by different operating phases: comparison with the relevant scientific literature, identification of an experimental and control group, training of the teaching staff for the application of the TPR method functional to the research objectives, recording of some linguistic productions and presentation of the words recorded to a sample of native speakers for evaluation. The survey involved a group of beginning learners of Italian L2, trained in the language course, using techniques characterized by the TPR method.
The research group was joined by a control group, which is functional to guaranteeing the correct conduct of the research in terms of significance of results. At the end of the linguistic-educational experimentation, learners were asked to pronounce some words containing the phonemes object of the research, in order to record and submit them to the evaluation of a group of native speakers. A sample of native speakers, in fact, evaluated the pronunciation of the words, which had been previously recorded, identifying the speaker’s origin and profile.
Keywords: Italian, L2, phonetics, linguistics, language education.
The object of the present paper is anatomical dissection and its role in changing the perception of the body as it emerges in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society between the last quarter of the 17th century and the first decade of the 19th. The medical practice of dissection was fundamental for the elaboration of medicine as a modern science, based on observation, experimentation, hypothesising and testing. The increasing number of written accounts of this experience testifies to its relevance within the disciplinary community and within society at large. From a disciplinary viewpoint, the interest in anatomy was not new, and anatomical dissection had been steadily practiced in the Classical Age and during the Renaissance. However, during the 17th and 18th centuries, it came to represent substantial investigation and experimentation, emerging as a “dynamic field of medical inquiry” (Waddington 2011: 107). This practice helped fostering a different perspective on the human being, a stimulus towards a change in values and in approach to the study of the human body. The representation of dissection as science-in-the-making, and as medical-discourse-in progress, is the key point of the following discussion.
Keywords: anatomy, dissection, 18th century, Philosophical Transactions, medicine.
This corpus-based study investigates how scientific concepts related to surrogacy are communicated in the judgments of the European Court of Human Rights and in the blogs overviewing the same cases. The study follows a quantiqualitative approach. The methodology of Corpus Linguistics is used against the theoretical background of socio-cognitive semantics and synonymy. A discourse analytical perspective is used to look at the representation of surrogacy-related scientific concepts through the choice of a particular word among a set of synonyms to designate the concept. The study attempts at assessing terminological variation during the dissemination process from judgments to blogs, involving entextualisation of scientific concepts into the legal context and the following popularisation process by bloggers, which often involves also ideological messages. The results provide confirmatory evidence of a) terminological rigour in judgments b) terminological dispersion and use of synonyms in blog posts, characterised by selection of newsworthy elements, lexical simplification, cognitive and often ideological reconceptualisation of knowledge units.
Keywords: surrogacy, judgments, blogs, synonymy, popularisation.
Università degli Studi dell'Insubria
The 1650s, opened by the publication of Nicholas Culpeper’s unlicensed translation of the Pharmacopoeia Londinensis (1649), have been described as a key moment for the vernacular medical publishing market, with a decisive increase in the number of medical books printed in English. This paper aims at providing a survey of the stateof-the-art of medical popularization in the second half of the seventeenth century, by looking exclusively at English translations of learned Latin texts. As rendering a text in the vernacular means making it virtually accessible to all who could read, translations represent a first step towards what has been defined as the democratization of learned medical knowledge. Following a critical discourse analytic and historical pragmatic approach, this study offers an overview of the context of production of these learned translations, with a particular focus on the authors, their target readers and declarations of intents. Some reflections on the texts as specific genres are also offered. Finally, as four of the texts contain glossaries of hard words and technical terms, intended as further strategies to render specialized medical knowledge accessible to a wider reading public, the paper presents a close lexicographic description of these resources. The analysis shows that these translations, mostly compiled by a group of medical professionals in conflict with the established authority of the Royal College of Physicians and their principles, contributed in all effects to the democratization process, as they mainly targeted lay people with the aim of spreading knowledge to the less privileged.
Keywords: medical popularization, knowledge dissemination, vernacularization, historical medical lexicography, critical discourse analysis.
Università degli Studi dell’Insubria
Online videos provide a novel platform for the popularisation of scientific contents, in particular sensitive issues such as immunisation. The aim of this study is to explore the main linguistic and discursive aspects of fifteen TED talks discussing vaccination to determine their potential impact in terms of edutainment. The analysis shows that the speeches are characterised by some elements of scientific popularisation but they are deeply influenced by the medium, inasmuch as TED talks can be defined as a hybrid genre between specialised communication, science popularisation and entertainment. The speaker emerges as the main actor in the communication, not only as the expert in a specific scientific field but also as a performer. In relation to the vaccine debate, 2010 represents a watershed as TED talks have since then started dealing with current controversial issues such as science denial, the anti-vaccination movement and the alleged correlation between vaccines and autism.
Keywords: TED talks, vaccination, discourse analysis , ESP, science popularisation.
In this contribution I will analyse the key linguistic features that characterise the different styles of Late Modern scientific writing in English in two texts that were produced to document the first circumnavigation of Australia, completed in 1803 by Commander Matthew Flinders on board HMS Investigator. These two texts are the authorised published account of the voyage (Flinders 1814) and the navigator’s fair journals, recently published, for the first time, by the Hakluyt Society (Morgan 2015a). In order to produce a coherent narrative in the published account of the voyage, Flinders had to rework the compressed logbook entries and other materials recorded originally in the fair journals. The outcome of this operation is a continuum of texts, where, at the opposite ends of the continuum, we find the most technical piece of writing exemplified by the logbook entries and a rigorous piece scientific writing presented in the format of a coherent narrative account, published as A Voyage to Terra Australis (Flinders 1814). I will also discuss Flinders’s published account as a sample of Late Modern scientific discourse by examining its relationship with the tradition of experimental essay-writing in English.
Keywords: maritime exploration, voyage accounts, scientific observation, experimental essay, Late Modern English scientific discourse.
CriFLi, Università degli Studi dell’Insubria
Drawings of “a person making an activity on a working day” and “on a holiday day” were collected from children from Cambodia and Italy, aged seven to fourteen years. The aim of this cross-cultural study was to discover how children communicate gender roles through drawing, the influence of gender stereotypes in drawings, and the differences between males and females, children (7-10 years) and pre-adolescents (11-14 years). As in previous similar drawing studies, same sex figures resulted to be overwhelmingly portrayed, with no differences between the two ages and sexes. However, older girls drew more male figures than younger girls, but only in the “holiday day” condition. No differences between males and females were found about the identity of the character drawn, but males tended to draw more stereotyped masculine activities while females tended to draw more stereotyped feminine activities. The results are discussed in relation to previous research in developmental psychology and to psychoanalytic studies.
Keywords: gender, stereotypes, children, drawing, developmental psychology.
Two unpublished letters by Angelica Kauffmann to members of the Raimondi family in Como provide new information about the painter’s trip to Central and Northern Italy during summer-autumn 1802. The paper investigates the contents of the two documents focusing on the relationships between Angelica, Italian patrons and cultural élites at the beginning of the XIX century.
Keywords: Angelica Kauffmann, Lake Como, Neoclassical art, XVIII century painting, travel literature.
This paper examines a specific aspect of Georges Rouault’s art: Christo-mimetic action. The main focus is on Rouault’s iconographic and stylistic metamorphosis over the years, to underline how the artist’s religious feeling has determined very different ways to communicate the Christian sense of pain, the divine humanity of suffering, fulcrum of his tormented artistic, human and spiritual research. By overlapping his own image with the figure of the suffering Christ (Man of Sorrows), Rouault figuratively translated his existential uneasiness. In fact, the salvific power of pain is the deepest essence of the Parisian artist’s work growth. In this process, the Crucifixions, the Sacred faces of Christ and the Ecce Homos intertwine with the representations of a sore, hypocritical and sinful humanity, in a crescendo of existentialist tension that reaches its highest intensity with the trust in Redemption and Providence.
Keywords: Rouault, contemporary sacred art, French expressionism, christomimesis, existentialism.
It is in the Introduction to the first edition of the novel Mater dolorosa (1882) that Gerolamo Rovetta – who moved to the dynamic fin de siècle Milan – sets out the theoretical assumptions of his new aesthetic practice: “I am not a novelist, [...] I am a chronicler”. Moving from a precise analysis of the novel Mater dolorosa (1882), we intend to shed light on the most significant, and yet poorly investigated, aspects of Gerolamo Rovetta’s veritable writing. Around the gray everyday life of the protagonist, the work opens up a glimpse of a prosaic, corrupt, ‘practical’ society: a scenario that induces to detect consonance relations with the Italian and European literature of the time.
Keywords: Verism, ideal/real, logic of ‘things’, parliamentary novel, myth and Renaissance.
The essay deals with the so-called “literary canon” issue in relation to current Italian narrative production, proposing − even provocatively − three authors considered particularly interesting. Gaia Manzini (1974) investigates the emptiness and white spaces of modernity, with deep points of introspection. Piersandro Pallavicini (1962) combines science and fictional narrative, in a completely new way in Italy, also using the comedy key. Mauro Covacich (1965) investigates the question of boundaries, which are not only geographical − the author is from Trieste − but also mental and corporeal, referring to the great European tradition.
Keywords: Letteratura italiana del Novecento, canone, Gaia Manzini, Piersandro Pallavicin, Mauro Covacich.